The Jizyah Tax: Equality And Dignity Under Islamic Law? Does the Bible or the Qur’an have stronger historical corroboration? Is the Qur’an the quran bible and science pdf Word of God?
Some missiologists prefer a relational approach to Islam, while others prefer a more confrontational approach. Which do you prefer and why? The Qur’an Does the Bible or the Qur’an have stronger historical corroboration? How would you support your argument, using specific examples? A: Introduction How many of you have been in a conversation with a Muslim, and you find that soon there are irreconcilable differences between you? You ask the Muslim why he or she says the things they do, and they respond that they only repeat what they have learned from the Qur’an.
In reply you claim that what you believe also comes from the Word of God, the Bible. If two documents are in contradiction, the first thing to do is ascertain whether the contradictions can be explained adequately. And if not, then we must conclude that one of the two documents is false. This is an immensely complex and difficult subject.
Both Islam and Christianity claim to receive their beliefs from revealed truth, which they find in their respective scriptures. Consequently, to suspect the source for revealed truth, the scriptures for each faith, is to put the integrity of both Christianity and Islam on trial. Obviously this is a task that no-one should take lightly, and I don’t intend to do so here. For that reason, I have decided not to attempt a simplistic analysis concerning the authority of the Qur’an and the Bible in one single paper. Instead I will begin by dealing with the authority of the Qur’an in this paper and then turn my attention to the authority for our own scriptures, the Bible, in a follow-up paper. In no way do I claim to know all the answers, nor will I be so pretentious as to assume that I can exhaustively argue the question of authority for both the Qur’an and the Bible in these two papers.
When we observe the two faiths, we see immediately that they are in conflict with one another concerning their scriptures. If we were to delve into the contents of each scripture we would find that the two are at variance with one another in a number of areas: stories have changed, characters are missing and entire sections do not exist in one but do in the other. In order to delineate which is correct, we will need to take each revelation separately and ask whether it can stand up to scrutiny, whether it can hold firm under critical analysis, and whether it can claim to be indeed the true revelation from God. Normally when one begins any research into the Qur’an, the first question which should be asked is how we know that it is what it claims to be, the final word of God?
In order to answer that question we would need to go to the sources of the Qur’an to ascertain its authenticity. As you well know, going to the sources of the Qur’an is much more difficult then one would usually assume, as we have so little data with which to use. I have dealt with the problems which exist when confronted by the dearth of material on the sources of the Qur’an, so I won’t repeat those arguments here. Suffice it to say, that the only real source we have for the Qur’an is the book itself, and what Muslim Traditions tell us concerning how that book came to be created. I find it difficult to consider either of them as valid or authentic as source material.
However, since we are attempting to compare the Qur’an with our own scriptures, I will, for the time being, set aside my prejudices, and assume, for argument’s sake, that the traditions are correct. In other words, I will take the position of current orthodox Muslim scholarship and presume that the Qur’an was compiled in the years 646-650 C. Muhammad before his death in 632 C. It is from this premise that I will attempt to respond to the question of whether the Qur’an can claim to be the final and most perfect revelation of God’s word to humanity. This was the command which the angel Gabriel supposedly asked Muhammad three times to do when he confronted him in July or August 610 C.
According to Muslims the Qur’an is the final revelation from Allah. According to Islamic scholars 86 of the suras were revealed in Mecca, while 28 suras were revealed at Medina. Yet, as portions of some suras were recited in both places, you will continue to find a few of the scholars still debating the origins for a number of them. Muhammad claimed that the Qur’an was his sole miracle, though the Qur’an did not exist in its written form during his lifetime. In fact much of the controversy concerning the chronology of the Qur’an can be blamed on the fact that he was not around to verify its final collation.
But, unlike Christianity, Islam tells us that Allah is remote, so he must not reveal himself to humanity at a personal level. Because Allah is so transcendent and unapproachable, revelation in Islam is simply one-way: from God to humanity, via the prophets. While each prophet supposedly fulfilled his mission by producing a book, the final revelation, and therefore the most important, according to Muslims, is that given to the final prophet Muhammad: the Qur’an. The Qur’an, Muslims believe, is an exact word-for-word copy of God’s final revelation, which are found on the original tablets that have always existed in heaven.