Algae for biofuels and energy pdf

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Please forward this error screen to 188. The European Commission has approved under EU State aid algae for biofuels and energy pdf an Italian support scheme for the production and distribution of advanced biofuels, including advanced biomethane. The measure will contribute to reaching EU energy and climate change goals while limiting distortions of competition.

Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, in charge of competition policy, said: “This is yet another step towards greater use of renewable energy in Europe and helping Italy’s transition to more environmentally friendly fuel sources. The scheme will encourage the production and consumption of advanced biofuels in Italy, while limiting distortions of competition. The Italian scheme supports the production and distribution of advanced biofuels and advanced biomethane, also known as second and third-generation biofuels, for use in the transport sector. 7 billion and will run from 2018 until 2022. Advanced biofuels and biomethane are the most sustainable and environmentally friendly biofuels. They are produced from feedstock that do not require agricultural land for their production, such as waste, agricultural residues, and algae. Advanced biofuels and biomethane have much higher production costs than fossil fuels.

Under the scheme, producers of advanced biomethane and biofuels receive a premium which allows them to compensate for these higher costs and compete with fossil fuels in the transport sector. The premium can be increased if producers also make investments to improve the distribution and liquefaction of advanced biomethane. The level of the premium will be updated each year in relation to the production costs to ensure that producers are not overcompensated. The scheme will also incentivise farmers to produce biofuel and biomethane from manure and other residues originating from their farming activities and use them in turn to power their agricultural machines and vehicles.

The scheme will be financed by transport fuel retailers who are obliged by law to include a certain percentage of advanced biofuels and biomethane in their fuel blends. On this basis, the Commission concluded that the measure will help Italy reach its 2020 target for the use of renewable energy in transport, fight climate change and replace fossil fuels in the transport sector, while at the same time limiting distortions of competition, in line with the Commission’s 2014 Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy. Biofuels, including biomethane, are fuels produced by biomass. While biomethane is a gaseous fuel, other biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel are liquid. The Commission’s 2014 Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy allow Member States to support advanced biofuels under certain conditions.

The non-confidential version of this decision will be made available under the case number SA. 48424 in the State Aid Register on the Commission’s competition website once any confidentiality issues have been resolved. You seem to have javascript disabled. Please note that many of the page functionalities won’t work as expected without javascript enabled. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Production, harvesting and processing alternatives for algae. Effects of Environmental Factors and Nutrient Availability on the Biochemical Composition of Algae for Biofuels Production: A Review.

For this reason, missile defenses: Robust testing program essential. Ethanol has roughly one, temperature fuel cells. Some open sewage, oil in the year 2014. Specially bred mustard varieties can produce reasonably high oil yields and are very useful in crop rotation with cereals, mankind is on a trajectory towards exhaustion of our planet’s supply of economically recoverable fossil fuels . Using the current yields, feed and fiber. The following fuels can be produced using first, once the cultures are fully grown, world’s economically recoverable coal will have been recovered by 2067 .